[1]李 洋,李秀娟,谢明丹,等.邻苯二甲酸二丁酯对原代培养海马神经元的毒性及机制[J].南方医科大学学报,2020,(02):225-232.[doi:10.12122/j.issn.1673-4254.2020.02.11]
 Toxicity of dibutyl phthalate in primary cultured rat hippocampal neurons and the toxicologicalmechanism[J].Journal of Southern Medical University,2020,(02):225-232.[doi:10.12122/j.issn.1673-4254.2020.02.11]
点击复制

邻苯二甲酸二丁酯对原代培养海马神经元的毒性及机制()
分享到:

《南方医科大学学报》[ISSN:1673-4254/CN:44-1627/R]

卷:
期数:
2020年02期
页码:
225-232
栏目:
出版日期:
2020-02-29

文章信息/Info

Title:
Toxicity of dibutyl phthalate in primary cultured rat hippocampal neurons and the toxicological mechanism
作者:
李 洋李秀娟谢明丹程 莉陈恒胜孙 红蒋 莉
关键词:
DBP海马神经元 雌激素受体脑源性神经营养因子神经肽Yγ-氨基丁酸
Keywords:
dibutyl phthalate hippocampal neurons estrogen receptor brain-derived neurotrophic factor neuropeptide Y γ-amino butyric acid
DOI:
10.12122/j.issn.1673-4254.2020.02.11
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 本研究探讨邻苯二甲酸二丁酯(DBP)暴露对原代培养海马神经元的神经毒性及可能机制。方法 海马神经元原代培养4 d后将海马神经元暴露在含有终浓度为0.0(对照)、1 g/LDBP的培养基中,选取染毒24、48、96 h 3个时相点,免疫荧光及透射电子显微镜下观察DBP染毒后海马神经元轴突及超微结构的形态变化;膜片钳测定海马神经元的动作电位;cck-8检测DBP染毒后海马神经元活性。Western blot测定脑源性神经营养因子(BDNF)、神经肽Y(NPY)、雌激素受体β(ERβ)核酸及蛋白的表达情况。高效液相色谱串联质谱检测神经递质GABA的释放。结果 DBP染毒96 h后神经元网络稀疏、轴突长度变短(P<0.01),电镜下细胞核呈圆形,染色质聚集,细胞质空泡化;膜片钳测定发现DBP染毒96 h后细胞出现去极化漂移、放电频率增加(P<0.01);cck-8检测发现DBP染毒24、48、96 h的细胞活性均低于同时间点正常对照组(P<0.01)。DBP染毒48、96 h的ERβ、BDNF、NPY蛋白表达显著低于对照组(P<0.05)。DBP染毒96 h后神经递质GABA的释放显著低于对照组(P<0.05)。结论 DBP染毒后可导致海马神经细胞形态受损,并导致功能改变,这可能与神经递质GABA参与的ERβ-BDNF-NPY信号通道受阻相关。
Abstract:
Objective To investigate the neurotoxicity and toxicological mechanism of dibutyl phthalate (DBP) in primary cultured rat hippocampal neurons. Methods Primary rat hippocampal neurons cultured for 4 days were exposed to 1 g/L DBP for 24, 48, or 96 h. Immunofluorescence assay and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used to observe the morphological changes of the axons and the ultrastructure of DBP-treated neurons. The action potential (AP) of the hippocampal neurons was measured with patch-clamp electrophysiology. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the viability of the hippocampal neurons, and Western blotting was performed to determine the mRNA and protein expressions of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), neuropeptide Y (NPY) and estrogen receptor β (ERβ). High-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) was employed to detect the release of the neurotransmitter GABA. Results After exposure to DBP for 96 h, the cellular network of the hippocampal neurons became sparse, and the neurons showed significantly decreased axonal length (P<0.01) and presented with round cell nuclei, chromatin aggregation and cytoplasmic vacuolization. Patch-clamp electrophysiology revealed depolarization drift and increased frequency of discharge in the exposed neurons (P<0.01). The neurons with DBP exposure for 24, 48 and 96 h all showed significantly decreased cell viability (P<0.01). DBP exposure for 48 and 96 h significantly lowered the protein expressions of ERβ, BDNF and NPY, and a 96-h exposure significantly reduced the release of the neurotransmitter GABA in the neurons (P<0.05). Conclusion DBP exposure causes morphological and functional damages of primary cultured rat hippocampal neurons. DBP-induced neurotoxicity is probably associated with GABA-mediated blockage of the ERβ-BDNF-NPY signaling communication.
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-03-14