[1]周烨真,张世豪,陈嘉仪,等.新型冠状病毒SARS-CoV-2的变异和进化分析[J].南方医科大学学报,2020,(02):152-158.[doi:10.12122/j.issn.1673-4254.2020.02.23]
 Analysis of variation and evolution of SARS-CoV-2 genome[J].Journal of Southern Medical University,2020,(02):152-158.[doi:10.12122/j.issn.1673-4254.2020.02.23]
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新型冠状病毒SARS-CoV-2的变异和进化分析()
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《南方医科大学学报》[ISSN:1673-4254/CN:44-1627/R]

卷:
期数:
2020年02期
页码:
152-158
栏目:
出版日期:
2020-02-29

文章信息/Info

Title:
Analysis of variation and evolution of SARS-CoV-2 genome
作者:
周烨真张世豪陈嘉仪万成松赵 卫张 宝
关键词:
SARS-CoV-2冠状病毒进化变异
Keywords:
SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus evolution mutation
DOI:
10.12122/j.issn.1673-4254.2020.02.23
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 分析新型冠状病毒SARS-CoV-2的进化、变异情况。方法 从GISAID、NCBI中下载相关病毒全基因组序列,运用生物信息学软件MEGA-X、BEAST、TempEst等软件,构建基因组进化树,推测病毒的时间进化信号,计算病毒出现的tMRCA时间,分析病毒进化的选择压力。结果 基因组进化树显示SARS-CoV-2与蝙蝠冠状病毒Beta CoV/bat/Yunnan/RaTG13/2013、 bat-SL-CoVZC45、bat-SL-CoVZXC21和SARS-CoV等病毒共同构成冠状病毒β属的Sarbecovirus亚属。现在的病毒序列有微弱的时间进化信号,tMRCA平均时间为73 d,95%可信区间(38.9~119.3 d),与BetaCoV/bat/Yunnan/RaTG13/2013病毒不具正性时间进化信号,与bat-SL-CoVZC45和SARS-CoV具有强的正性时间进化关系。病毒在流行期间存在变异,主要是净化选择压力。 结论 病毒SARS-CoV-2可能出现在2019年11月左右,来源于蝙蝠相关冠状病毒。结果将有助于研究病毒SARS-CoV-2的溯源、进化,对疾病进行正确防控具有指导意义。
Abstract:
Objective To analyze the evolution and variation of SARS-CoV-2 during the epidemic starting at the end of 2019. Methods We downloaded the full-length genome sequence of SARS-CoV-2 from the databases of GISAID and NCBI. Using the software for bioinformatics including MEGA-X, BEAST, and TempEst, we constructed the genomic evolution tree, inferred the time evolution signal of the virus, calculated the tMRCA time of the virus and analyzed the selection pressure of the virus during evolution. Results The phylogenetic tree showed that SARS-CoV-2 belonged to the Sarbecovirus subgenus of β Coronavirus genus together with bat coronavirus BetaCoV/bat/Yunnan/RaTG13/2013, bat-SL-CoVZC45, bat-SL-CoVZXC21 and SARS-CoV. The genomic sequences of SARS-CoV-2 isolated from the ongoing epidemic showed a weak time evolution signal with an average tMRCA time of 73 days (95% CI: 38.9-119.3 days). No positive time evolution signal was found between SARS-CoV-2 and BetaCoV/bat/Yunnan/RaTG13/2013, but the former virus had a strong positive temporal evolution relationship with bat-SL-CoVZC45 and SARS-CoV. The major cause for mutations of SARS-CoV-2 was the pressure of purification selection during the epidemic. Conclusion SARS-CoV-2 may have emerged as early as November, 2019, originating most likely from bat-associated coronavirus. This finding may provide evidence for tracing the sources and evolution of the virus.

相似文献/References:

[1]张嘉杰,吴少瑜,徐伟,等.SARS冠状病毒S蛋白S1区多肽与SARS病人血清的免疫反应[J].南方医科大学学报,2004,(07):789.
 ZHA.NG Jia-jie,WU Shao-yu,XU Wei,et al.Immunological reaction between the peptides from S1 domain of SARS coronavirus S-protein and the serum from SARS patients[J].Journal of Southern Medical University,2004,(02):789.
[2]肖维威,马文丽,张宝,等.SARS冠状病毒N基因的扩增与克隆[J].南方医科大学学报,2004,(01):39.
 XIAO Wei-wei,MA Wen-li,ZHANG Bao,et al.Amplification and cloning of the N gene of SARS-associated coronavirus[J].Journal of Southern Medical University,2004,(02):39.
[3]邱 峰,王慧君,张子康,等.新型冠状病毒SARS-CoV-2的实验室检测技术[J].南方医科大学学报,2020,(02):164.[doi:10.12122/j.issn.1673-4254.2020.02.16]
 Laboratory testing techniques for SARS-CoV-2[J].Journal of Southern Medical University,2020,(02):164.[doi:10.12122/j.issn.1673-4254.2020.02.16]

更新日期/Last Update: 2020-03-14