[1]江茜茜,刘丽,季海峰,等.注意缺陷多动障碍共病破坏性、冲动控制及品行障碍的反应抑制和情绪反应[J].南方医科大学学报,2019,(01):30.[doi:10.12122/j.issn.1673-4254.2019.01.05]
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注意缺陷多动障碍共病破坏性、冲动控制及品行障碍的反应抑制和情绪反应()
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《南方医科大学学报》[ISSN:1673-4254/CN:44-1627/R]

卷:
期数:
2019年01期
页码:
30
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-01-26

文章信息/Info

Title:
Response inhibition and emotional responding in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder with comorbid disruptive, impulse-control, and conduct disorders
作者:
江茜茜刘丽季海峰高炬张敏敏朱云程李开云季卫东李国海
关键词:
注意缺陷多动障碍破坏性行为障碍神经网络反应抑制Stroop效应
Keywords:
disruptive impulse-control and conduct disorders attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder neural networks response inhibition Stroop effect
DOI:
10.12122/j.issn.1673-4254.2019.01.05
摘要:
目的了解注意缺陷多动障碍(ADHD)与破坏性、冲动控制及品行障碍(DICCD)在情绪反应中可能存在的神经心理缺陷 的特征。方法选择符合美国精神障碍诊断与统计手册第五版(DSM-5)ADHD诊断标准的6~16 岁患儿20 名,ADHD共病 DICCD患儿20名,DICCD患儿20名以及年龄、性别、智力匹配的健康儿童(HC)20名作为对象,选择Golden Stroop 测验和情绪 Stroop测验对反应抑制和情绪反应进行评估,组间差异采用单因素方差分析,事后分析使用SNK-q检验同质性亚组进行配对比 较。结果在Golden Stroop测验中,错误次数(P=0.003)和反应时间(P=0.044)干扰得分组间差异均有统计学意义,进一步Post Hoc 分析ADHD组的干扰得分显著高于其余三组。在情绪Stroop测验中,平均反应时间组间差异均有统计学意义(均P<0.05), 事后分析ADHD共病DICCD组正性词-色一致平均反应时间低于ADHD组而高于DICCD组,疾病组均高于HC组;ADHD共 病DICCD与DICCD组正性词-色不一致、负性词-色一致平均反应时间显著低于ADHD组且高于HC组;DICCD组负性词-色 不一致平均反应时间显著低于ADHD组与ADHD共病DICCD组且高于HC组。结论ADHD的反应抑制缺陷和异常情绪反应 均表现为ADHD的核心症状。偏向性情绪刺激可能对于存在冷漠无情特征的DICCD的反应抑制功能具有的负面作用,尤其在 处理负性情绪时问题更为突出,而ADHD与DICCD共病更倾向于DICCD的情绪反应特质。
Abstract:
Objective To characterize the traits of neuropsychological functioning deficits in patients with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with comorbid disruptive, impulse-control, and conduct disorders (DICCD). Methods Twenty out-patients with ADHD, 20 with ADHD with comorbid DICCD, and 20 with DICCD, all aged 6-16 years, were enrolled in this study, with 20 healthy subjects matched for age, gender and IQ serving as the healthy controls. The patients were diagnosed according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Revision (DSM-5). All the subjects were assessed with Golden Stroop test and emotional Stroop test to evaluate their response inhibition and emotional responding. Results In Golden Stroop test, the interference scores (IGs) of errors and reaction time both differed significantly among the groups (P< 0.05), and were the highest in patients with ADHD only. In emotional Stroop test, the mean reaction time (MRT) showed significant differences among the groups (P<0.05); the MRT of positive- congruent trials in ADHD with comorbid DICCD group was shorter than that in ADHD group but longer than that in group DICCD; the MRT in the 3 case groups were all longer than that in the control group. The MRT of both positive-incongruent trials and negative-congruent trials in ADHD with comorbid DICCD group and DICCD group was shorter than that in ADHD group but longer than that in the control group. The MRT of negative- incongruent trials in DICCD group was shorter than that in ADHD group and ADHD with comorbid DICCD group but longer than that in the control group. Conclusions The response inhibition deficit and abnormal emotional responding are the core symptoms of ADHD. Bias emotional stimuli may render response inhibitory dysfunction in patients with DICCD with callous-unemotional traits of emotional responding disorder, especially in dealing with negative emotional trials, while the comorbidity of ADHD and DICCD tends to have the emotional response trait of DICCD.
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01