[1]杨妙婷,陈芝娟,肖淳欣,等.护肝清脂片药物血清对非酒精性脂肪肝细胞模型内质网应激的影响[J].南方医科大学学报,2018,(11):1277.[doi:10.12122/j.issn.1673-4254.2018.11.01]
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护肝清脂片药物血清对非酒精性脂肪肝细胞模型内质网应激的影响()
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《南方医科大学学报》[ISSN:1673-4254/CN:44-1627/R]

卷:
期数:
2018年11期
页码:
1277
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of sera of rats fed with Huganqingzhi tablets on endoplasmic reticulum stress in a HepG2 cell model of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
作者:
杨妙婷陈芝娟肖淳欣唐外姣周本杰
关键词:
护肝清脂药物血清非酒精性脂肪肝内质网应激脂肪变性蛋白激酶C-δ
Keywords:
Huganqingzhi tablets nonalcoholic fatty liver disease endoplasmic reticulum stress steatotic hepatocytes protein kinase C-δ
DOI:
10.12122/j.issn.1673-4254.2018.11.01
摘要:
目的探讨护肝清脂片药物血清对混合脂肪酸诱导的非酒精性脂肪肝HepG2细胞模型内质网应激(ER stress)的影响及其 可能机制。方法油酸和棕榈酸以2∶1比例混合制备成1 mmol/L游离脂肪酸(FFA)混合液,诱导HepG2细胞24 h发生脂肪变 性,建立NAFLD体外模型,将HepG2细胞分为对照组(CON)、FFA组、护肝清脂片低剂量组(HG-L)、护肝清脂片中剂量组(HGM) 、护肝清脂片高剂量组(HG-H)及非诺贝特阳性对照组(FF),在加入1 mmol/L FFA前分别加入各组对应的药物血清作用 24 h,CON组及FFA组则加入大鼠空白血清作为对照。油红O染色观察细胞内脂滴分布;试剂盒检测细胞内甘油三酯(TG)含 量及培养上清液谷草转氨酶(AST/GOT)、谷丙转氨酶(ALT/GPT)的水平;透射电镜观察细胞内质网形态结构的改变;Western blot、qRT-PCR技术检测ERS相关信号分子GRP78、PERK、p-PERK、ATF6、ATF4、XBP-1、CASPASE-12、CHOP、PKC-δ、p-PKC-δ 蛋白及(或)mRNA的表达情况。利用siRNA 瞬时转染技术沉默PKC-δ在HepG2细胞中的表达后观察GRP78、PERK、p-PERK、 CASPASE-12和CHOP蛋白表达变化。结果与CON组相比,FF组HepG2细胞油红染色可见红色脂滴密布细胞质,TG、AST、 ALT含量升高(P<0.001);与FF组相比,HG-L、HG-M、HG-H及FF均在不同程度上降低TG、AST、ALT含量,减少细胞内脂滴堆 积,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),并能够在蛋白及mRNA水平上有效地下调ERS相关信号分子GRP78、p-PERK、ATF6、ATF4、 CHOP、CASPASE-12、XBP-1、PKC-δ、p-PKC-δ的表达,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。在1 mmol/L FFA共同作用下,PKC-δ siRNA转染组GRP78、p-PERK、CHOP、CASPASE-12蛋白表达均较对照组明显下调,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.001)。然而,与 PKC-δ siRNA +FFA组相比,PKC-δ siRNA+HG-H组GRP78 和P-PERK表达下调更显著(P<0.001,0.01),CHOP和CASPASE- 12则无统计学差异(P>0.05)。结论护肝清脂片药物血清可以有效地防治混合脂肪酸诱导的NAFLD细胞模型脂肪变性,改善 HepG2功能状态,有效地缓解1 mmol/L游离脂肪酸所致的内质网应激,其作用机制在一定程度上与下调PKC-δ表达有关。
Abstract:
Objective To investigate the effects of sera from rats fed with Huganqingzhi tablets (HGT) on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in a steatotic hepatocyte model of free fatty acids (FFAs)- induced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and explore the possible mechanism. Methods FFAs prepared by mixing oleic acid and palmitic acid at the ratio of 2∶1. HepG2 cells were treated with the sera from rats fed with low- , moderate-or high-dose HGT (HGT sera) or sera of rats fed with fenofibrate (fenofibrate sera), followed by treatment with 1 mmol/L FFAs for 24 h to induce hepatic steatosis. Oil red O staining was used to observe the distribution of lipid droplets in the cells. The biochemical parameters including triglyceride (TG), lactated hydrogenase (LDH), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were measured using a commercial kit. The morphological changes of the ER in the cells were observed using transmission electron microscopy. The protein/mRNA expressions of ER stress-related signal molecules including GRP78, PERK, p-PERK, ATF6, ATF4, CASPASE-12, CHOP, XBP-1, PKC, and p-PKC-δ were detected using Western blotting and/or quantitative real- time PCR (qRT- PCR). The changes in the protein expressions of GRP78, p-PERK, CASPASE-12 and CHOP were also detected in cells with transient transfection of PKC-δ siRNA for PKC-δ knockdown. Results Compared with the control cells, the cells treated with FFAs showed significantly increased levels of TG, AST, and ALT (P<0.05). Compared with FFAs- treated cells, the cells pretreated with HGT sera or fenofibrate sera all showed significantly decreased TG, AST and ALT levels (P<0.05), reduced accumulation of the lipid droplets (P<0.05), and lowered protein or mRNA expression levels of GRP78, p-PERK, ATF6, ATF4, CHOP, CASPASE-12, XBP-1 and p-PKC-δ (P< 0.05). PKC-δ knockdown caused significantly reduced protein expressions of GRP78, p-PERK, CASPASE-12 and CHOP in the cells with FFA- induced hepatic steatosis (P<0.001); treatment with high-dose HGT serum more significantly reduced the expressions of GRP78 (P<0.001) and P-PERK (P<0.01) in FFAs-induced cells with PKC-δ knockdown. Conclusion HGT serum can effectively prevent FFAs-induced steatosis in HepG2 cells by alleviating ER stress, in which PKC-δ may act as an important target.

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更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01