[1]杨波,常彦海,凌鸣,等.脱钙松质骨复合同种异体软骨细胞修复兔关节骨软骨缺损的实验研究[J].南方医科大学学报,2018,(09):1039.[doi:10.12122/j.issn.1673-4254.2018.09.03]
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脱钙松质骨复合同种异体软骨细胞修复兔关节骨软骨缺损的实验研究()
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《南方医科大学学报》[ISSN:1673-4254/CN:44-1627/R]

卷:
期数:
2018年09期
页码:
1039
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-09-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Demineralized cancellous bone seeded with allogeneic chondrocytes for repairing articular osteochondral defects in rabbits
作者:
杨波常彦海凌鸣李思远曹峻岭
关键词:
组织工程软骨脱钙骨基质骨软骨缺损修复
Keywords:
tissue engineering cartilage demineralized cancellous bone osteochondral defects repair
DOI:
10.12122/j.issn.1673-4254.2018.09.03
摘要:
目的评价脱钙松质骨(DCB)复合同种异体软骨细胞构建组织工程软骨修复兔关节骨软骨缺损的效果。方法分离1月 龄雄性新西兰兔关节软骨细胞,原代培养后复合制备的DCB体外培养2周构建组织工程软骨。4~5月龄新西兰兔30只双侧股 骨内髁制作直径3 mm、深3 mm,穿透软骨下骨板的骨软骨缺损模型,20只右侧关节缺损处植入构建的组织工程软骨(A组),左 侧缺损处植入DCB(B组),10只双侧骨软骨缺损未予处理作为空白对照(C组)。分别于术后1、3、6月取修复组织标本,进行大 体形态、组织学及Ⅱ型胶原染色;并对6月修复组织进行组织学评分,比较各组修复效果差异。结果制备的DCB为三维多孔的 海绵结构,孔隙大小约为100~500 μm,相互交通。DCB植入体内后1月开始降解,3月完全吸收。术后6月A组缺损处修复组织 主要为透明样软骨,与周围正常软骨厚度基本一致,修复交界区整合良好,不易辨认。修复组织深层细胞在软骨陷窝内,呈柱状 排列,基质蛋白多糖和Ⅱ型胶原染色接近正常软骨,软骨下骨板完整。B组缺损处以纤维软骨样组织修复为主。C组以纤维组 织填充。组织学评分显示术后6月A组除软骨下骨板重建与B组比较无统计学差异外, 其它各项评分均优于B组和C组,差异 有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论DCB是一种较好的软骨组织工程支架材料,复合同种异体软骨细胞能修复关节骨软骨缺损,修 复组织为透明样软骨。
Abstract:
Objective To evaluate the effect of demineralized cancellous bone (DCB) seeded with allogeneic chondrocytes for repairing articular osteochondral defects in rabbits. Methods Articular chondrocytes were isolated from a 1-month-old male New Zealand rabbit for primary culture. The passage 1 chondrocytes were seeded onto prepared rabbit DCB scaffold to construct tissue-engineered cartilage and cultured in vitro for 2 weeks. Full-thickness articular osteochondral defects (3 mm both in diameter and depth) were created on both sides of the femoral medial condyles in 30 New Zealand white rabbits (age 4- 5 months). In 20 of the rabbits, the defects were filled with the tissue-engineered cartilage on the right side (group A) and with DCB only on the left side (group B); the remaining 10 rabbits did not receive any implantation in the defects to serve as the control (group C). At 1, 3, and 6 months after the implantation, tissue samples were collected from the defects for macroscopic observation and histological examination with Toluidine blue (TB) and collagen type II staining. The effect of defect repair using the tissue-engineered cartilage was assessed at 6 months based on the histological scores. Results The prepared DCB had a spongy 3D structure with open and interconnected micropores of various sizes and showed good plasticity and mechanical strength. DCB began to degrade within 1 month after implantation and was totally absorbed at 3 months. At 6 months after implantation, the defects filled with the chondrocyte-seeded DCB were repaired mainly by hyaline-like cartilage tissues, which were well integrated to the adjacent cartilage without clear boundaries and difficult to recognize. The chondrocytes were located in the lacunate and arranged in vertical columns in the deep repaired tissue, where matrix proteoglycans and collagen type II were distributed homogeneously close to the normal cartilage. The subchondral bone plate was reconstructed completely. The defects implanted with DCB only were filled with fibrocartilage tissue, as compared with fibrous tissue in the control defects. The histological scores in group A were significantly superior to those in group B and C (P<0.05), but the scores for subchondral bone plate reconstruction were comparable between groups A and B at 6 months. Conclusion DCB is a good scaffold material for preparing tissue-engineered cartilage, and chondrocyte- seeded DCB can repair articular osteochondral defects by inducing the generation of hayline-like cartilage.

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更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01