[1]何瑛,糟秀梅,魏学花.MDR1和CYP3A5基因多态性对伊马替尼治疗慢性骨髓性白血病预后的影响[J].南方医科大学学报,2018,(01):34.
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MDR1和CYP3A5基因多态性对伊马替尼治疗慢性骨髓性白血病预后的影响()
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《南方医科大学学报》[ISSN:1673-4254/CN:44-1627/R]

卷:
期数:
2018年01期
页码:
34
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-01-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of MDR1 and CYP3A5 gene polymorphisms on outcomes of patients receiving imatinib treatment for chronic myeloid leukemia
作者:
何瑛糟秀梅魏学花
关键词:
伊马替尼慢性骨髓性白血病单核苷酸多态性细胞遗传学复发
Keywords:
imatinib chronic myeloid leukemia single nucleotide polymorphisms cytogenetic relapse
摘要:
目的研究MDR1和CYP3A5基因多态性对伊马替尼治疗慢性骨髓性白血病(CML)预后的影响。方法选择100例采用 伊马替尼治疗的慢性骨髓性白血病患者作为研究对象,其中50例细胞遗传学复发患者作为研究组,另外50例无复发患者作为 对照组,随访45个月。分析MDR1基因中的C1236T、C3435T、G2677T/A和CYP3A5基因中的A6986G位点的单核苷酸多态性 与细胞遗传学复发风险之间的关系。结果MDR1-C1236T与MDR1-C3435T多态性位点中CC基因型细胞遗传学复发的风险 均明显比CT+TT基因型患者高(P<0.05)。MDR1-C3435T和MDR1-C1236T多态性位点的TT基因型患者的无复发生存时间 中位数显著高于CC基因型和CT基因型,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。研究组患者中血液毒性和中性白细胞减少症的发生 率明显比对照组患者高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。MDR1-C3435T基因型和伊马替尼谷浓度是细胞遗传学复发的独立预测 因子。结论MDR1 基因的C1236T 和C3435T 位点多态性和伊马替尼谷浓度水平显著影响CML细胞遗传学复发的风险。 MDR1-C3435T基因型可用于预测CML患者细胞遗传学复发风险的潜在生物标志物。
Abstract:
Objective To study the effect of MDR1 and CYP3A5 gene polymorphisms on the outcomes of imatinib treatment in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Methods A total of 100 patients with CML treated with imatinib were enrolled in this study, including 50 patients with cytogenetic relapse (study group) and 50 without cytogenetic relapse (control group) during the follow-up for 45 months. For all the patients, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of C1236T, C3435T, and G2677T/A loci in the MDR1 gene and A6986G locus in CYP3A5 gene were genotyped and the trough levels of imatinib was measured using LC-MS/MS. The relationship between SNPs of the loci and the risk of cytogenetic relapse were analyzed. Results The risk of cytogenetic recurrence was significantly higher in patients with CC genotypes of MDR1-C1236T and MDR1-C3435T than in those with CT + TT genotypes (P<0.05). The median survival time of the patients with TT genotypes of MDR1-C3435T and MDR1-C1236T was significantly higher than that of patients with CC genotypes and CT genotypes (P< 0.05). The incidences of hematologic toxicity and neutropenia were significantly higher in patients with cytogenetic relapse than in those without cytogenetic relapse (P<0.05). MDR1-C3435T genotype and imatinib concentration were independent predictors of cytogenetic relapse of CML. Conclusion The risk of cytogenetic relapse of CML was significantly affected by SNPs of C1236T and C3435T loci of MDR1 gene and blood imatinib concentration. MDR1-C3435T genotype can be used as a potential biomarker for predicting cytogenetic relapse in CML patients.

相似文献/References:

[1]邹外一,许多荣,苏畅,等. 动态观察慢性髓性白血病患者β-catenin 变化与细胞遗传学疗效的关系[J].南方医科大学学报,2010,(08):1868.
 ZOU Wai-yi,XU Duo-rong,SU Chang,et al. Dynamic observations of beta-catenin in chronic myeloid leukemia and its relationship withcytogenetic response[J].Journal of Southern Medical University,2010,(01):1868.
[2]魏永强,张贤,陈伟伟,等.尼洛替尼治疗伊马替尼耐药或不耐受的慢性粒细胞白血病的长期随访研究[J].南方医科大学学报,2012,(07):1000.

更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01