[1]蒲小勇,刘久敏,毕学成,等.腹腔镜肾盂切开取石术与经皮肾镜碎石取石术在大于2.5 cm肾盂结石处理中的临床效果比较[J].南方医科大学学报,2017,(02):251.
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腹腔镜肾盂切开取石术与经皮肾镜碎石取石术在大于2.5 cm肾盂结石处理中的临床效果比较()
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《南方医科大学学报》[ISSN:/CN:]

卷:
期数:
2017年02期
页码:
251
栏目:
出版日期:
2017-01-22

文章信息/Info

Title:
Comparison of laparoscopic pyelolithotomy and percutaneous nephrolithotomy for renal pelvic stones larger than 2.5 cm
作者:
蒲小勇刘久敏毕学成李东黄尚冯彦华林楚琪
关键词:
肾盂结石腹腔镜肾盂切开取石术经皮肾镜碎石取石术比较研究
Keywords:
renal pelvic stones laparoscopic pyelolithotomy percutaneousnephrolithotomy
摘要:
目的比较研究腹腔镜肾盂切开取石术(LPL)和经皮肾镜碎石取石术(PCNL)在≥2.5 cm肾盂结石处理中的临床应用和价 值。方法回顾性收集我院2011~2016年肾盂结石患者64例。所有患者均为肾盂结石≥2.5 cm。分为2组,其中采用LPL手术 32例(LPL组);采用PCNL手术32例(PCNL组)。比较两种手术方式的患者基本参数和结石大小等。同时比较两组手术平均 手术时间、估计失血量、输血率、术后住院时间、结石清除率、术后镇痛时间、术中并发症、术后早期和晚期并发症等。比较研究 两种手术方式对肾盂结石的治疗效果。结果两组之间在患者基本参数和结石大小方面无统计学意义(P<0.01)。LPL 和 PCNL手术时间分别为117±23.12、118.16±25.45 min(P>0.01)、估计失血量分别为63±11.25、122±27.78 mL(P<0.01)、输血率分 别为0%和6.2%(P<0.01)、术后住院时间分别为4.5±1.34、4.8±2.2 d(P>0.01)、结石清除率分别为93.1% 和87.5%(P>0.01)、术后 镇痛时间分别为1.7±0.5、1.9±0.6 d(P>0.01)、术中并发症分别为6.2%和25.0%(P<0.01)、术后早期并发症分别为25.0和34.4% (P>0.01)、术后晚期并发症分别为9.4%和12.5%(P>0.01)。结论PCNL是肾盂结石目前标准的治疗方法,但对腹腔镜熟练的外 科医师,LPL对部分肾盂结石的处理是一种可行、安全的治疗方法。
Abstract:
Objective To compare the safety, efficacy and complications of laparoscopic pyelolithotomy (LPL) and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for treatment of renal pelvic stones larger than 2.5 cm. Methods From 2011 to 2016, 32 patients underwent LPL and another 32 patients received PCNL for renal pelvic stones larger than 2.5 cm. The baseline characteristics of the patients, stone size, mean operative time, estimated blood loss, postoperative hospital stay, stone-free rate, postoperative analgesia, blood transfusion, and the intraoperative, early postoperative and long-term complications were compared between the two groups. Results The baseline characteristics and stone size were comparable between the two groups. The mean operative time of LPL and PCNL was 117 ± 23.12 and 118.16 ± 25.45 min, respectively (P>0.05). The two groups showed significant differences in the mean estimated blood loss (63±11.25 vs 122±27.78 mL, P<0.01) and blood transfusion rate (0 vs 6.2%, P<0.01) but not in postoperative hospital stay (4.5±1.34 vs 4.8±2.2 days, P>0.05), stone-free rate (93.1% vs 87.5%, P>0.05) or the postoperative analgesia time (1.7 ± 0.5 and 1.9 ± 0.6 days, P>0.05). The incidence of intraoperative complications were significant lower in LPL group than in PCNL group (6.2% vs 25.0% , P<0.01), but the incidences of early postoperative complications (25.0% vs 34.4%, P>0.05) and long-term postoperative complications (9.4% vs 12.5%, P>0.05) were similar between them. Conclusion PCNL is the standard treatment for pelvic stones larger than 2.5 cm, but for urologists experienced with laparoscopic technique, LPL provides a feasible and safe option for management of such cases.
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01