[1]徐沛,王甲汉,史鹏伟,等.兔烫伤合并海水浸泡后加重肠道损伤的机制[J].南方医科大学学报,2014,(06):880.
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兔烫伤合并海水浸泡后加重肠道损伤的机制()
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《南方医科大学学报》[ISSN:/CN:]

卷:
期数:
2014年06期
页码:
880
栏目:
出版日期:
2014-06-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Seawater exposure exacerbates scald burns-induced intestinal injury in rabbits: study of
the mechanisms
作者:
徐沛王甲汉史鹏伟马军
关键词:
烧伤海水氧自由基肠道损伤
Keywords:
burn injury seawater exposure oxygen free radicals intestinal injury
摘要:
目的建立兔烫伤合并海水浸泡的实验模型,探讨烫伤合并海水浸泡复合损伤对肠道损害的影响。方法新西兰兔63只,
制作20% TBSA动物烫伤模型后,随机分为单纯烫伤对照组(A组)(n=21)、烫伤后浸泡淡水组(B组)(n=21)和烫伤后浸泡海水
组(C组)(n=21),每小组分别在伤后2、4和8 h处死7只动物,抽取心室血及取标本。检测血浆中超氧化物歧化酶(SOD)和脂质
过氧化物(LPO)水平,检测肠道组织中PGs含量,形态学观察小肠的炎症反应情况及结构损伤状况,采用SP法检测小肠粘膜细
胞中Bax和Bcl-2蛋白的表达情况。结果小肠形态学观察,总体上C组小肠组织炎症反应情况、结构损伤状况较A组和B组严
重;C组兔小肠组织中PGs含量、血浆中SOD活力在海水浸泡2、4、8 h 后较同期A组和B组明显减少,组间差异有显著性(P<
0.01),各时相点间差异有显著性(P<0.01),随着浸泡(或致伤)时间延长含量或活力逐渐减少;C组兔血浆中LPO含量在海水浸
泡2、4、8 h后较同期A组和B组明显增加,组间差异有显著性(P<0.01),不同时相点间差异有显著性(P<0.01),随着浸泡(或致
伤)时间延长含量逐渐升高;C组兔小肠粘膜组织中凋亡蛋白Bax和Bcl-2的表达在海水浸泡4、8 h后较同期A组和B组明显增
强,组间差异有显著性(P<0.01),不同时相点间差异有显著性(P<0.01),随着浸泡(或致伤)时间延长Bax和Bcl-2 表达逐渐增
强。结论烧伤合并海水浸泡会加重肠粘膜结构破坏和屏障功能损伤,表现在小肠炎症反应和结构损伤状况的加重,小肠组织
中PGs含量和血浆中SOD活力降低,血浆中LPO含量升高,小肠粘膜上皮细胞中凋亡蛋白Bax和Bcl-2的表达增强。
Abstract:
Objective To investigate the effect of seawater exposure on intestinal injury in rabbits with scald burns and explore
the mechanisms. Methods Sixty-three rabbits with scald burns covering 20% total body surface area were randomized equally
into scald control group (group A), scald with freshwater exposure group (group B), and scald with seawater exposure group
(group C). At 2, 4 and 8 h after scald burns, 7 rabbits from each group were sacrificed for detecting plasma superoxide
dismutase (SOD) and lipid peroxide (LPO) levels and intestinal contents of prostaglandins (PGs) and for examining the
intestinal pathologies; immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of Bax and Bcl-2 proteins in the small
intestinal epithelium. Results The rabbits in group C showed severer intestinal mucosal and barrier function damages than
those in groups A and B. The plasma SOD activity and intestinal PGs contents were significantly lowered in group C than in
groups A and B at 2, 4, and 8 h postburn (P<0.01) and reduced as the postburn time extended (P<0.01). In group C, plasma LPO
content was the highest among the groups (P<0.01) and increased significantly with the seawater exposure time (P<0.01). The
expression of Bax and Bcl-2 in the intestinal mucosal tissues was also the highest in group C (P<0.01) at 4 h and 8 h postburn
and increased significantly with time (P<0.01). Conclusion Seawater exposure exacerbates scald burn-induced intestinal
mucosal and barrier function damages in rabbits mainly by aggravating intestinal inflammation and structural damage, as
evidenced by decreased intestinal PGs contents and plasma SOD activity, increased plasma PLO content, and enhanced Bax
and Bcl-2 protein expressions in the intestinal mucosa.

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更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01