[1]李亚洁,张立颖,罗炳德,等.湿热环境下Ⅱ度烫伤大鼠施行冷却疗法后体核温度的改变[J].南方医科大学学报,2004,(02):152-154.
 LI Ya-jie,ZHANG Li-ying,LUO Bing-de,et al.Rectal temperature changes of Wistar rats with second-degree scald burn in hot and humid environment following immediate cooling therapy[J].,2004,(02):152-154.
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湿热环境下Ⅱ度烫伤大鼠施行冷却疗法后体核温度的改变()
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《南方医科大学学报》[ISSN:/CN:]

卷:
期数:
2004年02期
页码:
152-154
栏目:
出版日期:
2004-02-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Rectal temperature changes of Wistar rats with second-degree scald burn in hot and humid environment following immediate cooling therapy
作者:
李亚洁1 张立颖1 罗炳德2 李亦蕾3 林妮4
1. 第一军医大学南方医院护理部, 广东, 广州, 510515;
2. 第一军医大学热卫系高温教研室, 广东, 广州, 510515;
3. 第一军医大学药物研究所, 广东, 广州, 510515;
4. 第一军医大学外事办公室, 广东, 广州, 510515
Author(s):
LI Ya-jie1 ZHANG Li-ying1 LUO Bing-de2 LI Yi-lei3 LIN Ni4
1. Department of Nursing, Nanfang Hospital, First Military Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China;
2. Institute of Tropical Medicine, First Military Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China;
3. Institute of Pharmaceutical Science, First Military Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China;
4. Office of Foreign Affairs, First Military Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China
关键词:
湿度温度烧伤冷冻疗法体核温度
Keywords:
humiditytemperatureburnscryotherapyrectum temperature
分类号:
R363.1;R454.5
摘要:
目的 观察在湿热环境下大鼠浅Ⅱ度烫伤创面即刻施行冷疗后体核温度的变化,同时评价冷疗敷料方法的降温效果。方法 24只Wistar大鼠随机分成4组,即常温常湿对照组、常温常湿冷疗组、湿热对照组和湿热冷疗组,每组6只。制作浅Ⅱ度烫伤模型后分别采取不同的干预条件,常温组的实验环境条件为干球温度(Tdb)(26.33±1.29)℃、相对湿度(rh)(71.05±4.57)%,高对组和高冷组的实验环境条件为Tdb(35.33±0.35)℃、rh(70.81±1.38)%,常对组和高对组不给予冷疗降温,常冷组和高冷组给予腹部冷疗敷料降温。暴露时间均为120 min。监测直肠温度(Tr),每20 min记录1次。结果 4组组内7个时间水平之间、时间水平组间及不同组间比较,湿热环境下大鼠Tr显著增高(P<0.001);冷疗组与对照组相比,Tr均有显著性降低(P<0.001),且环境温度和冷疗对Tr变化影响有交互作用(P=0.003)。随时间变化,Tr的变化趋势为常对组Tr缓慢下降、常冷组Tr有高低波动、湿热两组的Tr逐渐增加,Tr差值随时间逐渐增大。结论 湿热复合因素使烫伤大鼠的Tr逐渐增高;腹部冷疗敷料降温方法能有效降低大鼠的Tr,阻止热损伤的进程,实验证明腹部冷疗敷料降温是降低体温的较好方法
Abstract:
Objective To observe the changes in rectal temperature (Tr) after immediate cooling therapy for Wistar rats with superficial second-degree scald burn in hot and humid environment, and evaluate the effect of the dressing material for cooling. Methods Twenty-four Wistar rats were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=6), namely normal temperature control (NTC), normal temperature cooling therapy (NTCT), hot and humid control (HHC), and hot and humid cooling therapy (HHCT) groups. Superficial second-degree scald burns were induced in the rats, followed by interventions with cooling therapy in the two therapy groups at dry bulb temperature (Tdb) of 35.33±0.35 ℃ with relative humidity of 70.81%±1.38%, whereas the two control groups were treated at Tdb of 26.33±1.29 ℃ with relative humidity of 71.05%±4.57% without dressing for cooling therapy. The exposure time of each group was 120 min, and the Tr was recorded every 20 min. Results On the basis of comparisons between the measurements taken at 7 different time points, we found that the Tr of the rats was elevated in hot and humid environment (P<0.001) and decreased when cooling therapy was applied (P<0.001). Interactions between the environmental temperature and cooling therapy were noted in their influence on Tr (P=0.003). As the exposure time was prolonged, Tr slowly decreased in NTC group, mildly fluctuated in NTCT group, but elevated in HHC and HHCT groups with gradual increase of the differences between the measurements taken at the same time point. Conclusion Application of the dressing material on the abdomen for cooling therapy can efficiently lower the Tr, which may prevent the progression of the heat injury.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2003-8-15。
基金项目:军队“十五”重点攻关课题(01Z100)
作者简介:李亚洁(1948-),女,教授、主任护师,电话:020-61641181,E-mail:Nanfangh@hotmail.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01