[1]方舒,蔡迎迎,李萍,等.Exendin-4通过激活Nrf2/HO-1通路减轻糖尿病小鼠的肝脏氧化应激及纤维化[J].南方医科大学学报,2019,(04):464.[doi:10.12122/j.issn.1673-4254.2019.04.13]
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Exendin-4通过激活Nrf2/HO-1通路减轻糖尿病小鼠的肝脏氧化应激及纤维化()
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《南方医科大学学报》[ISSN:1673-4254/CN:44-1627/R]

卷:
期数:
2019年04期
页码:
464
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-04-26

文章信息/Info

Title:
Exendin-4 alleviates oxidative stress and liver fibrosis by activating Nrf2/HO-1 in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice
作者:
方舒蔡迎迎李萍吴春艳邹少洲张雨丹林晓纯关美萍
关键词:
Exendin-4糖尿病肝脏纤维化氧化应激Nrf2/HO-1
Keywords:
exendin-4 diabetes liver fibrosis oxidative stress Nrf2/HO-1
DOI:
10.12122/j.issn.1673-4254.2019.04.13
摘要:
目的探讨Exendin-4对链脲佐菌素(STZ)诱导的糖尿病小鼠肝脏脂质代谢、氧化应激以及纤维化的作用以及其潜在的机 制。方法将C57BL/6J小鼠随机分为对照组和糖尿病组(DM)。糖尿病组小鼠给予高脂饮食4周联合STZ造模,对照组小鼠普 通饮食。DM小鼠造模成功后,再随机分为糖尿病对照组(DM-con)和糖尿病干预组(DM+E4)。DM+E4组小鼠给予Exendin-4 每天1 nmol/kg体重,腹腔注射1次,共8周。监测体重、随机血糖,分析各组小鼠血脂水平,RT-PCR检测肝脏脂质代谢、纤维化 和氧化应激指标,HE、天狼猩红以及油红O染色观察肝脏结构变化,Western blot检测肝脏TGF-β1、Nrf2以及HO-1的表达。结 果DM组小鼠的血糖和体重较对照组明显升高(P<0.001),肝脏脂质沉积、纤维化以及氧化应激较对照组也显著增加,给予 Exendin-4干预未显著改善肝脏的脂质沉积,但是Exendin-4治疗后糖尿病组小鼠血糖及TG明显降低(P<0.05),肝脏纤维化指 标TGF-β、α-SMA及Col-I显著降低(P<0.05),抗氧化指标Nrf2、HO-1及GPX4显著升高(P<0.01)同时Nrf2和HO-1的蛋白表达 水平也显著升高(P<0.01)。结论Exendin-4在肝脏脂质沉积未明显减轻的情况下通过激活Nrf2/HO-1信号通路显著改善糖尿 病小鼠的肝脏纤维化及氧化应激。
Abstract:
Objective To investigate the effects of exendin-4 on hepatic lipid metabolism, fibrosis and oxidative stress in mice with streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes and explore the underlying mechanisms. Methods C57BL/6J mice were fed with high-fat diet (HFD) for 4 weeks and received intraperitoneal injections of 120 mg/kg STZ to induce diabetes. After successful modeling, the mice were randomized into diabetic control group and exendin-4 treatment group (DM+E4), and in the latter group, the mice were given a daily dose of 1 nmol/kg of exendin-4 for 8 weeks. The changes in the body weight (BW) and random blood glucose (RBG) in the mice were recorded. The mRNA expressions of the genes related with liver lipid metabolism, fibrosis and oxidative stress were analyzed using RT-PCR, and the structural changes of the liver tissues were observed with HE, Sirius red and oil red O staining; the expressions of TGF-β1, Nrf2 and HO-1 proteins in the liver tissues were detected using Western blotting. Results The diabetic mice showed significantly higher RBG levels and BW with obvious lipid deposition, fibrosis and oxidative stress in the liver as compared with the normal control mice (P<0.001). Exendin-4 treatment of the diabetic mice did not significantly lessened liver lipid deposition but obviously reduced the levels of RBG and TG (P<0.05), lowered the expression levels of liver fibrosis-related genes TGF-β, α-SMA and Col-I (P<0.05), increased the expression levels of the antioxidant genes Nrf2, HO-1 and GPX4 (P<0.01), and enhanced the protein expressions of Nrf2 and HO-1 in the liver tissues (P<0.01). Conclusion Exendin-4 improves liver fibrosis and oxidative stress in diabetic mice by activating Nrf2/HO-1 pathway without significantly reducing liver lipid deposition.

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更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01